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JAMB Syllabus for Biology | 2021 Official Version

JAMB Syllabus for Biology. This is the 2021 Official Biology Syllabus and its also available in PDF Format.

jamb syllabus for biology

If you have registered or plan registering for the 2021 Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) popularly called JAMB. Then AllSchool is pleased to inform you that you need adequate preparations for you to score above 300 in JAMB/UTME.

The truth is 300+ is achievable! But you must prepare, most importantly prepare with the adequate materials/books and read the read the topics from which the UTME questions will be extracted from. Consequently JAMB have published their syllabus to enable students prepare and excel.

JAMB Syllabus is a place where JAMB listed out all the topic, sub-topics and textbooks candidates needs. The amazing part of this syllabus is that, once you are able to read and understand all the topics, you must score above 85 in that subject. If you do the calculation, you should be expecting above 340 as your JAMB score.

Another advantage of this syllabus is that, most universities or polytechnics uses this syllabus in setting their post utme questions. This implies that since you will score above 340 in JAMB, you will also score above 90% in your post utme, consequently, you will get admission.

PLEASE NOTE: After listing out recommended text-books below, you will see an option to view syllabus for other subjects.

Recommended Links:

The JAMB syllabus we will show you today is JAMB Biology Syllabus. Please don’t procrastinate your reading! Pick your textbook now and start reading. read the appropriate topics and believe us (AllSchool), you will not regret it.

Page Contents

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You can CLICK HERE to download the JAMB Syllabus for Biology 2021 PDF or continue reading it on this website below.

Summary of the JAMB Syllabus for Biology

In this JAMB/UTME syllabus for biology, their are five broad topics and fifty-seven (57) sub-topics. Below are the detailed topics and sub-topics of the JAMB syllabus. The topic starts with Ecology and ends with variety of organisms.

Now lets start list out the topics and sub-topics…

1. ECOLOGY

There are Fifteen (15) sub-topics in this topic. They are;

1. FACTORS AFFECTING THE DISTRIBUTION OF ORGANISMS (Biotic Abiotic)

After reading the above topic, candidates should be able to;

  1. deduce the effects of temperature; rainfall, relative humidity, wind speed and direction, altitude, salinity, turbidity, pH and edaphic (soil) conditions on the distribution of organisms.
  2. use appropriate equipment (e.g. secchi disc, thermometer, rain gauge etc) to measure abiotic factors.
  3. describe how the activities of plants/animals (particularly human) affect the distribution of organisms.

2. LOCAL (NIGERIAN) BIOMES

After reading the above topic, candidates should be able to;

  1. locate biomes in regions.
  2. apply the knowledge of the features of the listed local biomes in determining the characteristics of different regions of Nigeria.

3. NATURAL HABITATS (Aquatic and Terrestrial/arboreal)

After reading the above topic, candidates should be able to;

  1. associate plants and animals with each of these habitats.
  2. relate adaptive features to the habitats in which an organism lives.

4. SOIL (Characteristics of different types of soil, Components of the soil, Soil fertility

After reading the above topic “Soil”, candidates should be able to;

  1.  identify physical properties of different soil types based on simple measurement of particle size, porosity or water retention ability.
  2. determine the amounts of air, water, humus and capillarity in different soil types experimentally.
  3. relate soil characteristics, types and components to the healthy growth of plant.
  4. relate such factors as loss of inorganic matter, compaction, leaching, erosion of the top soil and repeated cropping with one variety.
  5. apply the knowledge of the practice of contour ridging, terracing, mulching, poly-cropping, strip-cropping, use of organic and inorganic fertilizers, crop rotation, shifting cultivation, etc to enhance soil conservation.

5. CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES

After reading the above topic, candidates should be able to;

  1. apply the various methods of conservation of both the renewable and non-renewable natural resources for the protection of our environment for present and future generations.
  2. Outline the benefits of conserving natural resources, prevention of desertification.
  3. identify the bodies responsible for the conservation of resources at the national and international levels (e.g. Nigerian Conservation Foundation (NCF), Federal Ministry of Environment, Nigeria National Parks, World Wildlife Foundation (WWF), International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) and their activities.
  4. asses their activities.

6. DISEASES (Common and endemic diseases,

After reading the above topic, candidates should be able to;

  1. identify ecological conditions that favour the spread of common endemic and potentially epidemic disease e.g. malaria, meningitis, drancunculiasis, schistosomiasis, onchocerciasis, typhoid fever and cholera etc.
  2. relate the biology of the vector or agent of each disease with its spread and control.
  3. use the knowledge of the causative organisms, mode of transmission and symptoms of the listed diseases to their prevention/treatment/control.
  4. apply the principles of inoculation and vaccination on disease prevention.

7. GAME RESERVES AND NATURAL PARKS

After reading the above topic, candidates should be able to Know the location and importance of game reserves and National parks in Nigeria.

8. POPULATION AND ITS CONTROL (Sources, types, effects and methods of control)

After reading the above topic, candidates should be able to;

  1. categorize pollution into air, water and soil pollution.
  2. relate the effects of common pollutants to human health and environmental degradation.
  3. determine the methods by which each pollutant may be controlled.
  4. examine the importance of sanitation with emphasis on solid waste sewage disposal, community health and personal hygiene.
  5. assess the roles and functions of international and national health agencies (e.g. World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations International Children Emergency Fund (UNICEF), International Red Cross Society (IRCS), and the ministries of health and environment.

9. ENERGY FLOW IN THE ECOSYSTEM

After reading the topic above, candidates should be able to know the food chains and webs.

10. NUTRIENT CYCLING IN NATURE (Carbon, Water, and Nitrogen circle)

After reading the topic above, candidates should be able to;

  1. describe the cycle and its significance including the balance of atmospheric oxygen and carbon (IV) oxide and global warming.
  2. assess the effects of water cycle on other nutrient cycles.
  3. relate the roles of bacteria and leguminous plants in the cycling of nitrogen.

11. SYMBIOTIC INTERACTIONS OF PLANTS

While reading the topic above, kindly focus your attention on;

  1. Factors that bring about competition.
  2. Intra and inter-specific competition
  3. Relationship between competition and succession.

After reading the above topic, candidates should be able to;

  1. determine appropriate examples of symbiosis, parasitism, saprophytism, commensalism, mutualism, amensalism, competition, predation and cooperation among organisms.
  2. associate the distribution of organisms with food chains and food webs in particular habitats.

12. ADAPTATION FOR SURVIVAL

After reading the above topic, candidates should be able to;

  1.  relate increase in population, diseases, shortage of food and space with intra- and inter-specific competition.
  2. determine niche differentiation as a means of reducing intra-specific completion.
  3. relate competition to succession.

13. ECOLOGICAL SUCCESSION (Primary and Secondary Succession)

After reading the above topic, candidates should be able to trace the sequence in succession to the climax stage of stability in plant population.

WHile reading the topic above, kindly focus your attention on;

  1. Factors that bring about competition.
  2. Intra and inter-specific competition
  3. Relationship between competition and succession.

14. FACTORS AFFECTING POPULATION SIZES

After reading the above topic, candidates should be able to;

  1. deduce the effect of these factors on the size of population.
  2. determine the interactions between biotic and abiotic factors, e.g. drought or scarcity of water which leads to food shortage and lack of space which causes increase in disease rates.

15. POPULATION DENSITY AND OVERCROWDING

After reading the topic above,candidates should be able to;

  1. determine the reasons for rapid changes in human population and the consequences of overcrowding.
  2. compute/calculate density as the number of organisms per unit area.

2. EVOLUTION

This is the second topic and it have just two sub-topics. The sub-topics includes;

1. EVIDENCE OF EVOLUTION

After reading the topic above; candidate should be able to;

  1. provide evidences for evolution such as fossil records, comparative anatomy, physiology and embryology.
  2. trace evolutionary trends in plants and animals.
  3. provide evidence for modern evolutionary theories such as genetic studies and the role of mutation.

2. THEORIES OF EVOLUTION

After reading the topic above, candidate should be able to;

  1. relate organic evolution as the sum total of all adaptive changes that have taken place over a long period of time resulting in the diversity of forms, structure and functions among organisms.
  2. examine the contributions of Lamarck and Darwin to the theory of evolution.
  3. know evidences in support of organic evolution.

3. FORM AND FUNCTIONS

This is the third topic and it have thirty sub-topics. The 30 sub-topics includes;

1. GROWTH

After reading the topic above, candidate should be able to;

  1. apply the knowledge of the conditions necessary for germination on plants growth.
  2. differentiate between epigeal and hypogeal germination.

2. INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF A FLOWERING PLANT (Root stem and leaf)

After reading the topic above, candidate should be able to;

  1. identify the transverse sections of these organs.
  2. relate the structure of these organs to their functions.
  3. identify supporting tissues in plants (collenchyma) sclerenchyma, xylem and phloem fibres).
  4. describe the distribution of supporting tissues in roots, stem and leaf.

3. INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF A MAMMAL

After reading the topic above, candidate should be able to;

  1. examine the arrangement of the mammalian internal organs.
  2. describe the appearance and position of the digestive, reproductive and excretory organs.

4. HOMEOSTATSIS

After reading Homeostatsis, candidates should be able to relate the function of hormones to regulating the levels of materials inside the body. Meanwhile while reading the topic above, focus make sure you read-up the;

  1. Body temperature regulation.
  2. Salt and water regulation.

5. HORMONAL CONTROL (Animal and Plant Hormone)

After reading the “Hormonal Control, make sure you are able to;

  1. locate the listed endocrine glands in animals.
  2. relate the hormone produced by each of these glands to their functions.
  3. examine the effects of various phytohormones (e.g. auxins, gibberellin, cytokinin, and ethylene) on growth, tropism, flowering, fruit ripening and leaf abscission.

6. NERVOUS CO-ORDINATION

Ahwile reading the topic, focus on;

  1.  The components, structure and functions of the central nervous system.
  2. The components and functions of the peripheral nervous systems.
  3. Mechanism of transmission of impulses.
  4. Reflex action.

After reading the nervous co-ordination, make sure you are able to;

  1. apply the knowledge of the structure and function of the central nervous system in the coordination of body functions in organisms.
  2. illustrate reflex actions such as blinking of the eyes, knee jerk etc.
  3. differentiate between reflex and voluntary actions as well as conditioned reflexes such as salivation, riding a bicycle and swimming.

7. THE SENSE ORGANS

While reading the sense organs, focus on;

  1. Skin (tactile)
  2. Nose (olfactory)
  3. Tongue (taste)
  4. Eye (sight)
  5. Ear (auditory).

After reading the sense organs, make sure you are able to;

  1. associate the listed sense organs with their functions.
  2. apply the knowledge of the structure and functions of these sense organs in detecting and correcting their defects.

8. EXCRETORY MECHANISMS

While reading the excretory mechanisms, focus your attention on;

  1. Kidneys
  2. Lungs
  3. Skin.

After reading the excretory mechanisms, make sure you are able to;

  1. relate the structure of the kidneys to the excretory and osmo-regulatory functions.
  2. identify the functions and excretory products of the lungs and the skin.

9. EXCRETORY PRODUCTS OF PLANTS

After reading the excretory producs of plants make sure you are able to deduce the economic importance of the excretory products of plants, e.g carbon (IV) oxide, oxygen, tannins, resins, gums, mucilage, alkaloids etc.

10. TYPES OF EXCRETORY STRUCTURES

WHile reading the types of excretory structures, focus your attention on;

  1. hontractile vacuole
  2. Flamecell
  3. Nephridium
  4. Malpighian tubule
  5. Kidney
  6. Stoma and lenticel.

After reading the types of excretory structures, candidates should be able to;

  1. define the meaning and state the significance of excretion.
  2.  relate the characteristics of each structure with functions.

11. ANIMAL NUTRITION

after reading the Animal Nutrition, candidates should be able to;

  1. indicate the sources of the various classes of food;
  2. relate the importance and deficiency e.g. scurvy, rickets, kwashiorkor etc. of each class;
  3. determine the importance of a balanced diet.
  4. detect the presence of the listed food items from the result of a given experiment.
  5. describe the structure of a typical mammalian tooth;
  6. differentiate the types of mammalian tooth and relate their structures to their functions.
  7. compare the dental formulae of man, sheep, and dog.
  8. relate the structure of the various components of the alimentary canal and its accessory organs (liver, pancreas, and gall bladder) to their functions.
  9. identify the general characteristics of digestive enzymes;
  10. associate enzymes with digestion of carbohydrates, proteins and fats;
  11. determine the end products of these classes of food.

12. MODES OF NUTRITION (Autotrophic and Heterotrophic)

After reading the modes of nutrition, candidates should be able to;

  1. compare the photosynthetic and chemosynthetic modes of nutrition.
  2. provide examples from both flowering and non-flowering plants.
  3. compare autotrophic and heterotrophic modes of nutrition.

13. PLANT NUTRITION

After reading plan nutrition, you should be able to;

  1. differentiate the light and dark reactions, and state conditions necessary for photosynthesis.
  2. determine the necessity of light, carbon (IV) oxide and chlorophyll in photosynthesis.
  3. detect the presence of starch in a leaf as an evidence of photosynthesis.
  4. identify macro-and micro-elements required by plants.
  5. recognize the deficiency symptoms of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium.

14. TYPES OF NUTRITION

After reading the types of nutrition, candidates should be able to;

  1. differentiate the following examples:
    1. holozoic (sheep and man)
    2. Parasitic (roundworm, tapeworm and Loranthus)
    3. aprophytic (Rhizopus and mushroom)
    4. carnivorous plants (sundew and bladderwort)
  2. determine their nutritional value.

15. ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION (Under Reproduction)

While reading the above topic please focus on;

  1. Fission as in Paramecium.
  2. Budding as in yeast.
  3. Natural vegetative propagation.
  4. Artificial vegetative propagation.

After reading the above topic, candidates should be able to;

  1. differentiate between asexual and sexual reproduction.
  2. apply natural vegetative propagation in crop production and multiplication.
  3. apply grafting, budding and layering in agricultural practices.

16. REPRODUCTION IN MAMMALS

After reading the reproduction in mammals, please make sure you are able to;

  1. differentiate between male and female reproductive organs.
  2. relate their structure and function to the production of offspring.
  3. describe the fusion of gametes as a process of fertilization.
  4. relate the effects of the mother’s health, nutrition and indiscriminate use of drugs on the developmental stages of the embryo up to birth.
  5. Modern methods of regulating reproductive on e.g. invitro fertilization and birth control.

17. SEXUAL REPRODUCTION IN FLOWERING PLANTS

After reading the topic above, make sure you are able to;

  1. relate parts of flower to their functions and reproductive process.
  2. deduce the advantages of cross pollination.
  3. deduce the different types of placentation that develop into simple, aggregate, multiple and succulent fruits.

18. AEROBIC RESPIRATION

After reading the topic above make sure you are able to;

  1. examine the role of oxygen in the liberation of energy for the activities of the living organisms.
  2. deduce the effect of insufficient supply of oxygen to the muscles.

19. ANAEROBIC RESPIRATION

After reading the topic above, make sure you are able to;

  1. use yeast cells and sugar solution to demonstrate the process of fermentation.
  2. know the economic importance of yeasts.

20. RESPIRATION

After reading respiration, make sure you are able to;

  1. examine the significance of respiration.
  2. describe a simplified outline of the chemical process involved in glycolysis and krebs cycle with reference to the role ATP.
  3. deduce from an experimental set up, gaseous exchange and products, exchange and production of heat energy during respiration.

21. RESPIRATORY ORGANS AND SURFACES

After reading the topic above, make sure you can describe the following respiratory organs and surfaces with organisms in which they occur; body surface, gill, trachea, lungs, stomata and lenticel.

22. THE MECHANISM OF GASEOUS EXCHANGE (Under Respiration)

After reading the topic above, make sure you are able to;

  1. describe the mechanism for the opening and closing of the stomata.
  2. determine respiratory movements in these animals.

23. SUPPORT AND MOVEMENT

After reading the topic: Support and Movement, make sure you are able to;

  1. determine the need for support and movement in organisms.
  2. identify supporting tissues in plants (collenchyma, sclerenchyma, xylem and phloem fibres).
  3. describe the distribution of supporting tissues in roots, stem, and leaf.

24. SUPPORTING TISSUES IN ANIMALS (Under Support and Movement)

After reading the topic above, candidate should be able to;

  1. relate the location of chitin, cartilage and bone to their supporting function.
  2.  relate the structure and the general layout of the mammalian skeleton to their supportive, locomotive and respiratory function.
  3.  differentiate types of joints using appropriate examples.

25. TROPIC, TACTIC, NASTIC AND SLEEP MOVEMENTS IN PLANTS

After reading the topic above, make sure you know how to;

  1. relate the response of plants to the stimuli of light, water, gravity and touch.
  2.  identify the regions of growth in roots and shoots and the roles of auxins in tropism.

26. TYPES AND FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETON

After reading the topic above, make sure you are able to apply the protective, supportive, locomotive and respiratory functions of the skeleton to the well being of the animal.

27. CHANNELS FOR TRANSPORTATION

28. MATERIALS FOR TRANSPORTATION

29. MEDIA AND PROCESSES OF MECHANISM FOR TRANSPORTATION

30. NEED FOR TRANSPORTATION

4. HEREDITY AND VARIATIONS

This is the 4th topic and it have four sub-topics which include;

  1.  HEREDITY
  2. VARIATION IN POPULATION – APPLICATION OF DISCONTINUOUS VARIATION IN CRIME DETECTION, BLOOD TRANSFUSION AND DETERMINATION OF PATERNITY
  3. VARIATION IN POPULATION – MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATIONS IN THE PHYSICAL APPEARANCE OF INDIVIDUALS
  4. VARIATION IN POPULATION – PHYSIOLOGICAL VARIATION

VARIETY OF ORGANISMS

This is the final/fifth topic and it consists of 6 sub-topics which include;

  1. ADAPTIVE COLOURATION AND ITS FUNCTIONS
  2.  BEHAVIOURAL ADAPTATIONS IN SOCIAL ANIMALS
  3. EVOLUTION AMONG THE FOLLOWING
  4. LIVING ORGANISMS
  5. STRUCTURAL ADAPTATIONS IN ORGANISMS
  6. STRUCTURAL/FUNCTIONAL AND BEHAVIOURAL ADAPTATIONS OF ORGANISMS

That’s all you need to read if you want to score above 90 in Biology. It is no joke, it’s possible just believe. Prepare hard and pray. Please don’t forget to play a little.

UTME/JAMB Approved Textbooks for Biology

  1. Senior Secondary School Biology: Books 1 -3, written by Ndu, F.O. C. Ndu, Abun A. and Aina J.O.
  2. Essential of Biology, by Odunfa, S.A.
  3. Biology for Senior Secondary Schools: Books 1 – 3, by Ogunniyi M.B. Adebisi A.A. and Okojie J.A
  4. Modern Biology, SS Science Series. New Edition, by Ramalingam, S.T
  5. Biology for Senior Secondary Schools. Revised Edition, by Stan
  6. Biology for West African Schools. by Stone R.H. and Cozens, A.B.
  7. Handbook of practical Biology 2nd Edition, by Usua, E.J

You read this Biology JAMB syllabus on your favourite educational website: www.allschool.com.ng. AllSchool wishes you the very best of luck and prays you get admission this year…Amen


Select a subject below to view its JAMB Syllabus


Allschool wishes you best of luck.

Source: JAMB IBASS.

Thank you so much for reading this article, we really do appreciate. We hope you loved it, if you did, please share this page with your friends via the share buttons below. Sharing is caring.

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John Peace

Please sir I need syllabus for chemistry physics and biology this is my email address: [email protected]

akintade michael

please sir i need jamb syllabus for subject like biology.physics,chemistry.

Ochoyoda

Sir please I need biology past questions and answers from unijos, this is my email address, [email protected] Thanks.

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