JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry. This is the 2021 Official Version. The Syllabus has been Updated.
If you have registered or plan registering for the 2021 Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) popularly called JAMB. Then AllSchool is pleased to inform you that you need adequate preparations for you to score above 300 in JAMB/UTME.
The truth is 300+ is achievable! But you must prepare, most importantly prepare with the adequate materials/books. Consequently JAMB have released their syllabus to enable students prepare and excel.
JAMB Syllabus is a place where JAMB listed out all the subject topic and textbooks candidates needs. The amazing part of this syllabus is that, in each topic, JAMB will tell you what you should be able to do after reading the topic. This is to make sure you don’t get scared with questions that will appear.
PLEASE NOTE: After listing out recommended text-books below, you will see an option to view syllabus for other subjects.
- JAMB UTME Registration – Instructions & Guidelines.
- JAMB Subjects Combination for All Courses in Nigeria.
- Things You Must do during the UTME Registration.
The JAMB syllabus we will show you today is JAMB Chemistry Syllabus for 2021 UTME. Please postpone your reading! Pick your textbook now and start reading. AllSchool is promising you that you will not regret it.
Official JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry
You can CLICK HERE to download the JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry 2021 PDF or continue reading it on this website below.
1. Separation of mixtures and purification of chemical substances
Under this topic, candidates should focus on;
- Pure and impure substances
- Boiling and melting
- Elements, compounds and mixtures
- Chemical and physical
- Separation processes: evaporation, simple and fractional distillation, sublimation, filtration, crystallization, paper and column chromatography, simple and fractional crystallization.
At the end of reading the above sub-topics candidates should be able to;
- distinguish between pure and impure substances;
- use boiling and melting points as criteria for purity of chemical substances;
- distinguish between elements, compounds and mixture;
- differentiate between chemical and physical changes;
- identify the properties of the components of a mixture;
- specify the principle involved in each separation method
- apply the basic principle of separation processes in everyday life..
2. Chemical Combination
Under this topic, candidates should focus on;
- laws of definite and multiple proportions,
- law of conservation of matter,
- Gay Lussac’s law of combining volumes,
- Avogadro’s law;
- chemical symbols, formulae, equations and their uses,
- relative atomic mass based on 12C=12, the mole concept and Avogadro’s number.
- The mole concept and Avogadros number..
At the end of reading the subtopics above, candidates should be able to;
- perform simple calculations involving formulae, equations/chemical composition and the mole concept;
- deduce the chemical laws from given expressions/statements;
- interpret graphical representations related to these laws.;
- deduce the stoichiometry of chemical reactions.
3. Kinetic theory of matter and Gas Laws
candidates should focus on;
- An outline of the kinetic theory of matter, melting, vapourization and reverse processes; melting and boiling explained in terms of molecular motion and Brownian movement
- The laws of Boyle, Charles, Graham and Dalton (law of partial pressure); combined gas law, molar volume and atomicity of gases.
- The ideal gas equation (PV = nRT).
- The relationship between vapour density of gases and the relative molecular mass..
After reading the topic above candidates should be able to;
- apply the theory to distinguish between solids, liquids and gases;
- deduce reasons for change of state;
- draw inferences based on molecular motion
- deduce gas laws form given expressions/ statements;
- interpret graphical representations related to these laws;
- perform simple calculations based on these laws, equations and relationships.;
4. Atomic structure and bonding
Candidate should focus on 5 sub-topic ;
- topic one;
- The concept of atoms, molecules and ions, the works of Dalton, Millikan, Rutherford, Mosely, Thompson and Bohr. Simple hydrogen spectrum, Ionization of gases illustrating the electron as fundamental particle of matter.
- Atomic structure, electron configuration, atomic number, mass number and isotopes; specific examples should be drawn from elements of atomic number 1 to 20.
- Shapes of s and p orbitals.
- topic two.
- The periodic table and periodicity of elements,
- presentation of the periodic table with a view to recognizing families of elements e.g. alkali metals, halogens, the noble gases and transition metals.
- The variation of the following properties should be noticed: ionization energy, ionic radii, electron affinity and electronegativity.
- topic three
- Chemical Bonding: Electrovalency and covalency, the electron configuration of elements and their tendency to attain the noble gas structure.
- Hydrogen bonding and metallic bonding as special types of electrovalency and covalency respectively;
- coordinate bond as a type of covalent bond as illustrated by complexes like [Fe(CN)6]3-, [Fe(CN)6]4-, [Cu(NH3)4]2+ and [Ag(NH3)2]+; van der Waals’ forces should be mentioned as a special type of bonding forces.
- topic 4
- Shapes of simple molecules: linear ((H2, 02, C12,HCI and CO2), non-linear (H2O) and tetrahedral; (CH4)
- topic 5: Nuclear Chemistry
- Radioactivity (elementary treatment only)
- Nuclear reactions. Simple equations, uses and applications of natural and artificial radioactivity.
At the end of reading the topic, candidates should be able to;
- distinguish between atom, molecules and ions.
- assess the contributions of these scientists to the development of the atomic structure.
- deduce the number of protons, neutrons and electrons from atomic and mass numbers of an atom.
- apply the rules guiding the arrangement of electrons in an atom.
- identity common elements exhibiting isotopy;
- relate isotopy to mass number.
- perform simple calculations on relative atomic mass.
- determine the number of electrons in s and p atomic orbitals.
- relate atomic number to the position of an element on the periodic table.
- relate properties of groups of elements on the periodic table.
- identify reasons for variation in properties across the period.
- differentiate between the different types of bonding.
- deduce bond types based on electron configurations.
- relate the nature of bonding to properties of compounds.
- apply it in everyday chemistry.
- differentiate between the various shapes of molecules.
- distinguish between ordinary chemical reaction and nuclear reaction.
- differentiate between natural and artificial radioactivity.
- compare the properties of the different types of nuclear radiations.
- compute simple calculations on the half-life of a radioactive material.
- balance simple nuclear equation.
- identify the various applications of radioactivity.
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