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JAMB Syllabus for Arabic | 2021 Version

Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) Syllabus for Arabic, 2021/2022 Version.

jamb syllabus for arabic

In this page, Allschool will show you the JAMB Syllabus for Arabic. We will also give you the pdf file (you can get the download link before the list of approved text books for Arabic)

The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Arabic is to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination. It is designed to test their achievement of the course objectives, which are to:

  1. answer comprehension question correctly in standard Arabic;
  2. translate simple texts from English to Arabic and vice versa;
  3. apply the rules of Arabic grammar functionally;
  4.  see simply Arabic comprehension
  5. appreciate Arabic literary texts within the contexts of their environment and eras;
  6. use Arabic as a living world language in communication where necessary.

PLEASE NOTE: After listing out recommended text-books below, you will see an option to view syllabus for other subjects.

Recommended Links:

JAMB Syllabus for Arabic

Download PDF

You can CLICK HERE to download the JAMB Syllabus for Arabic 2021 PDF or continue reading it on this website below.

This detailed JAMB Arabic syllabus is divided in five section (A-E).


It consists of two passages of seventy (70) words each. Five multiple-choice questions are to be set on each passage. The contents should be within the experience of the candidates e.g. current affairs, sports, education, politics, economy, health, culture and ethic. The themes of the two passages should vary.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

  1. use appropriate words or phrases for specific thought;
  2. deduce the lesson in the passage;
  3. determine the main theme of the passage;
  4. give an appropriate title of a passage;
  5. interpret the meanings of particular words.


This section consists of ten (10) questions. Five of them are on translation from English into Arabic while the other five are on translation from Arabic into English.

  • Translation into English includes key words and phrases in a sentence.
  • Translated questions are to be based on standard Arabic and English usages.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

  1. use an appropriate Arabic word or phrase to convey the meaning of an English word or phrase;
  2. determine an appropriate English word or phrase for an Arabic statement;
  3. interpret idiomatic expressions in both Arabic and English;
  4. transfer ideas expressed in Arabic to English and vice versa;
  5. communicate effectively in Arabic and English.


Major grammatical features in Arabic to be examined include:

1. أسماء الإشارة و الموصولة.

1. Demonstrative and relative pronouns.

2. المذكر و المؤنث.

2. Gender (Masculine and Femine).

3. علامات الاسم.

3. Characteristics of noun.

4. المثنى.

4. Dual.

5. الجموع:

5. Plurals:

أ – جمع المذكر السالم.

A. sound masculine plural

ب – جمع المؤنث السالم

b. sound femine plural

ج – جمع التكثير

c. broken plural

6. المضاف و المضاف إليه.

6. Construct phrases.

7. الضمائر المنفصلة و المتصلة

7. Separable and inseparable pronouns.

8. التوابع:

8. Appendants:
a. adjective. أ – النعت.
B. conjunction. ب – العطف.
C. the permutative. ج – البدل.
د – التوكيد. D. emphasis
9. حروف الجر

9. Prepositions.
10. الفعل اللازم والفعل المتعدي.
10. Transitive & Intransitive verbs.
11. الفعل الماضى
11. The perfect verb.
12. الفعل المضارع:
12. The imperfect verb:
a. the indicative. أ – المرفوع
b. the subjunctive. ب – المنصوب
c. the jussive. ج – المجزوم.
13. الفعل الأمر.
13. The imperative verb.
14. النواسخ:
14. The modifiers:
أ – كان و أخواتها
a. Kana and its associates
ب – إن و أخواتها
b. Inna and its associates
ج – ظن و أخواتها
c. Zanna and its associates
15. الفعل الثلاثى المجرد و المزيد فيه.
15. Trilateral and derived verbs.
16. المشتقات:
16. Derivatives:
أ – اسم التفضيل.
A. the comparative/superlative.
ب – اسم الآلة.
B. nouns of instrument.
ج – اسما الزمان و المكان.
C. nouns of time and place.
د – اسم النسبة.
D. relative adjectives.
17. الجملة الشرطية
17. Conditional sentences.
18. العدد (1 – 3000 فقط)
18. Numerals (1 – 3000).
19. الفاعل و نائب الفاعل.
19. Active and passive voice.
20. منصوبات الأسماء:
20. Nouns in the accusative
أ – المفعول به.

A. direct object.
ب – المفعول فيه (ظرف).

B. adverbs of place and time.
ج – الحال.

C. adverb of circumstance.
د – المستثنى بإلا.

D. the exempted with illa.
هـ – التمييز.

E. Specification.
و – المنادى.

F. the vocative.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

  1. identify the various forms of demonstrative and relative pronouns;
  2. compare gender markers in Arabic;
  3. identify the three basic characteristics of Arabic nouns;
  4. differentiate between singular and dual forms of nouns;
  5. construct plural forms of singular nouns;
  6. identify construct phrases and their usages;
  7. differentiate between separable and inseparable pronouns;
  8. detect correct usage of adjectives, conjunctions  and the permutative in Arabic sentences;
  9. apply correct preposition in a given sentence;
  10. differentiate between transitive and intransitive verbs and use them in sentences;
  11. detect the perfect verbs and their forms;
  12. detect the imperfect verbs and their grammatical words in sentences;
  13. detect the imperative verbs and their forms;
  14. identify the kinds of modifiers and apply them in Arabic usage;
  15. differentiate between trilateral and derived verbs
  16. identify the types of derivatives;
  17. apply the rules governing conditional sentences, detect them in sentences, construct them and differentiate them in normal sentences;
  18. recognise and count Arabic numerals from 1 to 3000 and identify the intricacies involved in their usage;
  19. distinguish between active and passive voice and apply them in sentences;
  20. identify different types of adverbial clause, the exempted, specification and the vocative as well as detect and use them in standard Arabic;


This section consists of five (5) questions on subjects relating to the lives and environment of the candidates, e.g. education, culture, health, politics, economy, sports and current affairs.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

  1. use appropriate words for specific thoughts;
  2. use correct idiomatic expressions in Arabic;
  3. communicate effectively in Arabic;
  4. express ideas clearly in Arabic;
  5. demonstrate the use of common Arabic idioms and proverbs;


This section consists of ten (10) questions on notable literary figures and their works cutting across the various periods which include the following:

أ – العصر الجاهلي (حوالى 500 – 610م).

a) The Pre-Islamic Period (500 – 610 C.E.).

– قس بن ساعدة و خطبته “من عاش مات”

– تماضر الخنساء ورثاؤها.

ب – العصر الإسلامي (610 – 1798م).

b) The Islamic Period (610 – 1798 C.E.).
– الفرزدق ومدحه لزين العابدين: “لنا العزة الغلباء”.
– حسان بن ثابت وقصيدته في فتح مكة.
– جرير وشعره: “أشجان الهوى”.
ج – العصر الحديث (1798م إلى اليوم).

c) The Modern Period (1978 to date).

– المنفلوطي وكتابه العبرات :”قصة الحجاب”.
– إيليا أبو ماضي وشعره: “لم تشتكي”.
د – أدب غرب إفريقيا بالعربية.

d) West African Literature in Arabic.

– زكريا إدريس حسين ومسرحيته: “الطبقة العليا”.
– جميل عبد الله الكنوى: “ادفع بالتى هى أحسن”.

After read, Candidates should be able to:

  1. Identify pre-Islamic poetic traditions and conventions
  2. Identify and analyze the style of figurative expressions contained in a given Islamic literature
  3. Describe the aesthetic features in literary texts and assess their modern cultural values
  4. Evaluate areas of successful use of Arabic as a medium of West African novel and drama, analyse their contents and describe their major characteristics and plots.



1. بشير أحمد محيي الدين و المرضي مختار المرضي: المطالعة الواضحة. كنو: شركة طن لامى و أبنائه.

2. سيد حمرة مالك: الإنشاء العربى المتوسط (للمدارس الثانوية) إبادن مطبعة الجامعة ب. ل. س. 2005م.

3. عبد الفتاح صبرى و علي عمر بك: القراءة الرشيدة. الجزء 1 – 4 القاهرة: دار المعارف.

4. عبد الله الطيب: سمير التلاميذ الجزء 1 – 2 الخرطوم: مكتب النشر.

5. غرب ط. زاريا (1999م): كيف تكتب الإنشاء: كنو مطبعة جامعة بايرو.

6. محمد الأول أبوبكر و الآخرون: العربية الميسرة الجديدة للمرحلة الثانوية. إبادن: دار سبكترم للطباعة و النشر.

7. محمد بديع شريف و سليم حكيم و الحاج حسين آدمو: العربية الجديدة فى نيجيريا. الكتاب 1 – 3 إكيجا: لونغمان.

8. Adekilekun, A. L. A.: Learning Arabic Language, Ilorin.

9. Balogun, I. A. B. and Oseni Z. I. (1982) A Modern Arabic Course Book 1 Lagos: Islamic Publications Bureau.

10. Haywood, J. A. and Nahmad, H. M. (1965), A New Arabic Grammar of the Written Language, London: Lund Humphries.

11. Malik, S. H. A. (1982) A Guide to Arabic Composition, Books I & II, Lagos I.P.B.

12. Arabic newspapers, magazines and journals.


1. على الجارم و مصطفى أمين: النحو الواضح لمدارس المرحلة الأولية. الجرء 1 – 3. القاهرة: دار المعارف.

2. محمد أجروم الصنهاجى: متن الأجرومية. القاهرة.

3. محمد محيي الدين عبد الحميد: التحفة السنية بشرح المقدمة الأجرومية. بيروت: دار الفكر.

4. Haywood, J.A and Nahmad, H.M (1965), A New Arabic Grammar of the Written Language, London: Lund Humphries.


1- زكريا حسين: المأدبة الأدبية للطلاب العربية في إفريقيا أوتثى: دار النور 2004م NECO/WAEC

2- زكريا حسين: الطبقة العليا: دار النور أوتثى 2006مNECO/WAEC

3- مصطفى لطفي المنفلوطي: العبرات بيروت والقاهرة (2004) WAEC/NECO

4- جميل عبد الله الكنوي: ادفع بالتي هي أحسن مكتبة الحكمة الإسلامية كنو (2013) NECO/WAEC

5- أحمد الاسكندري والآخرون: المفصل في تاريخ الأدب العربي NECO/WAEC







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