Everything you need to Know about Educationally Less Developed States (ELDS). You will also see the ELDS in Nigeria.
What is the Meaning of ELDS?
ELDS means Educationally Less Developed States.
It formulated in an effort to ensure uniform development of the country’s educational sector,.
These states includes most state in the north and few from the south.
ELDS in Nigeria
These states includes:
- Cross River
- Taraba and
In all Nigerian Universities, the ELDS is a major factor in giving admission. The cut-off mark for candidates from these states is usually lower than that of other states.
Head of Information at the Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB), the body responsible for admissions in Nigeria, Dr. Fabian Benjamin, EXPLAINS MORE.
“Admission is defined in areas of merit, catchment area and educationally less developed states. Merit gets 45 per cent. That’s the best on whatever criteria you are using. 35 per cent is for catchment area. Each university is localized within a number of states. Those states get 35 per cent. And 20 per cent goes to educationally less developed states”.
“It is not as if those given admission under the educationally less developed states are not qualified. In fact, they must meet the minimum requirement. But the essence of giving them admission under the educationally less developed states is to have universality, and you must bring everybody on board. Otherwise, you will admit only local people.”
“Even abroad, they have a quota for foreign students and if that quota is not filled they will go to certain countries and give scholarship to people that will be admitted to fill the quota. Because they want to have a university they can beat their chest about.”
“Those given admissions from educationally less developed states don’t have lower marks than their counterparts. That’s a misconception that is out there. A lot of people think that when you talk of people from educationally disadvantaged states, you go and pick just anybody. No, they must meet the minimum requirements”.
“If you want to admit 100 for medicine for instance, and somebody applies from Zamfara for medicine in Ife. Ife says their cut off point for medicine is 250, they won’t admit someone with 180 for medicine in Ife because he is coming from an educationally disadvantaged state”.
“If you check the print out of a school like Ife, you may be surprised to see about 300 people scoring 250 and above. But when you come to using merit for admission, you pick the highest marks. If you start from those who scored 280 for instance, maybe by the time you get down to 265 you would have picked the 45 per cent. Then you start with catchment area and educationally less developed states. Because you said your minimum requirement is 250 and this man coming from Zamfara has scored 250, you give him admission. His other colleague that has scored even 260 from another state may not get the admission because he has to enter under merit. But this Zamfara man couldn’t make it under merit but he made it under educationally less developed states,” he explained.
Giving an insight into how the policy came about, Dr. Benjamin said it actually began in the 1970s after the Nigerian civil war.
“There was mutual suspicion among the ethnic groups and government was looking for a platform to unite the people. JAMB became one of these platforms that could bring the various ethnic groups to form a nation. The policy was designed to accommodate this interest,” he narrated.
Source: The Guardian Online Newspaper.
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